One of my favorite things to study about God is His names. God, in the Bible, reveals His character and who He is through His names. So His names are very important. In ancient times a person’s NAME was associated with their character. Even today our names carry with them mental images about who we are and what we do. So, when God reveals Himself through a specific name we get to know something very special about Him. NAMES OF GOD is a three part series to learn all of God’s revealed names in the Old Testament. Today we will look at four more…
Last week we discussed seven names of God that show us the character of God. These names give us a reason to cling on to our great God not only in our times of need but with every breath we take. And the bible stories entwined around the revelation His names tell us who God is and give us a glimpse of what He can do.
Today we are going to look at more of God’s names in the Old Testament so we can know our One and only God better.
To fully understand the names of God you might want to read NAMES OF GOD, PART I or at least read about the names ADONAI and YAWHEW in part I. It will help you understand many of the following names.
JEHOVAH RAPHA (yeh-ho-vah’ rah-fah’) THE LORD THAT HEALS
We see God revealing Himself as Jehovah Rapha in Exodus 15: 26. God’s people, the Israelites, have been released from their bondage in Egypt by the hand of God bringing on plague after plague upon Egypt. The last of the plagues was the Angel of Death.
The Israelites journeyed for three days without water in the wilderness and finally when they came Marah they found the water there was undrinkable because it was “bitter”. The Israelites began to grumble and Moses cried out to the Lord and the Lord told him to throw a branch into the bitter water and it became drinkable.
There God make a statute and said, ” If you give earnest heed to the voice of the LORD your God (Yahweh Elohim), and do what is right in His sight, and give ear to His commandments, and keep all His statutes I will put none of the diseases on you, which I have put on the Egyptians; for I, the LORD, am your Healer.”
Are you in need of a healer? Turn to God for he is the Great Physician. Not only physically but mentally too. Cry out to Him with your needs.
JEHOVAH NISSI (yeh-ho-vah’ ni-see’) THE LORD MY BANNER, THE LORD MY MIRACLE
In ancient times when armies fought against each other, in their respective front lines they would hold up a banner. This was not a flag as we think of today (but carries the same idea) rather it was a long pole with an insignia or something shiny at the top so the armies could see it. This banner would show the army the path to take to correctly attack the enemy. It was a sign of encouragement. The armies would rally around their banner.
The name Jehovah Nissi appears one time in the bible, Exodus 17:5. We see the Amalekites as the first and constant enemy of the Israelites as they wandered through the wilderness on their way to the promised land. You can read this story in Exodus 17.
Many scholars believe Amalek is a picture of our human flesh and how it wants what it want and is in a constant battle aginst the will of God. Amalek did not fear (reverence, respect, be humble) God and neither does our flesh.
We must have our eyes constantly on Jehovah because He is our Nissi, or banner. He will give us victory over the enemies of God and our flesh.
JEHOVAH MEKODDISHKEM (yeh-ho-vah’ M-qadash’) THE LORD WHO SANCTIFIES YOU, THE LORD WHO MAKES HOLY
Holy is the idea of setting something apart from everything else. When holy refers to God is it the truth that God is set apart or “other than” everything else. Everything! He is in His own league!
When it is used for man, it means that God sets us apart to be used for His purposes and we are not to be defiled. Defiled by our own whims or desires and not to be defiled by others. We are a special group set apart to God Himself.
The word Medoddishkem comes from the Hebrew word qadash meaning sanctified, holy, dedicated. So the meaning of Jehovah Mekoddishkem is “the LORD who sets you apart”.
Jehovah Medoddishkem is used twice in the bible with the first mention in Exodus 31:13.
JEHOVAH SHALOM (yeh-ho-vah’ sha-lome’) THE LORD IS PEACE
Shalom is a very deep and amazing word. Far more complex and nuanced than the word we think of as “peace”.
Shalom comes from the Hebrew root word, shalem which means to be whole, complete, sound. It carries the idea of every single aspect of our lives being totally whole. Physically, mentally, emotionally, spiritually! To be complete and sound and whole in all areas would certainly give us something totally beyond what we think of as peace.
Now, that is God’s true PEACE! Shalom is a word to study and live by!
Jehovah Shalom appears in Judges 6:24. In a time Israel needed the peace of God! They needed to be whole and at rest. The bible is full of scripture that tells us about the peace of God.
So far we have looked at…
ELOHIM- GOD, CREATOR, JUDGE
EL ELYON- THE MOST HIGH GOD
EL ROI- THE OMNIPRESENT GOD
EL SHADDAI- THE ALMIGHTY GOD, THE SELF-SUFFICIENT ONE
YAHWEH- LORD- JEHOVAH, THE SELF-EXISTENT ONE, GOD’S MEMORIAL NAME TO ISRAEL
JEHOVAH RAPHA- THE LORD WHO HEALS
JEHOVAH NISSI- GOD IS MY BANNER
JEHOVAH MEKODDISHKEM- THE LORD WHO SANCTIFIES, THE LORD WHO MAKES HOLY
JEHOVAH SHALOM- THE LORD IS PEACE
Next week we will finish the names of God in the Old Testament. These are names we should know and cling to. They show us who our God is!
Memorization this week- Learn the names of God to use daily as we walk through life!