One of my favorite things to study about God is His names. God, in the Bible, reveals His character and who He is through His names. So His names are very important. In ancient times a person’s NAME was associated with their character. Even today our names carry with them mental images about who we are and what we do. So, when God reveals Himself through a specific name we get to know something very special about Him. NAMES OF GOD is a three part series to learn all of God’s revealed names in the Old Testament. Today we will look at the last four names of God…
It might be a good idea to go back to part I and review the names JEHOVAH and LORD. It will help you understand today’s Sunday Scriptures much better. God HERE to review.
JEHOVAH SABAOTH (yeh-ho-vah sa’ ot) THE LORD OF HOSTS
Jehovah Sabaoth is used 285 times in the Old Testament. When you think of the word “hosts” you should think of armies. Both heavenly and earthly. God who is the sovereign and only king of heaven and earth show His complete control as LORD OF HOSTS.
When you have no fight left in you and need help call on Jehovah Saboath!
JEHOVAH RAAH (yeh-ho-vah’ raw’ ah) THE LORD MY SHEPHERD
THE LORD MY SHEPHERD
We find God as Jehovah Raah in Psalm 23.
The word raah is derived from the word ro eh meaning “shepherd” in Hebrew. Translated it carries the idea of a shepherd’s tender and life giving care for his flock. The condition of sheep is in direct correlation to the care of the shepherd. The very life of the sheep depends on the shepherd because sheep are animals that do not do well if left on their own. Here we see God as our life giver, our caregiver. Jehovah Raah can also take on the idea of an intimate companion or friend.
Psalm 23 begins…
“The LORD is my shepherd I shall not want.” And the rest of the psalm tells us why. We are the sheep and the LORD is our shepherd. And our benefits are many if we know and follow our Great Shepherd.
JEHOVAH TSIDKENU (yeh-ho-vah’ tsid-kay’-noo) THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS
Jehovah Tsidkenu appears twice in the Old Testament. Tsidkenu is the Hebrew word to be “stiff” or to be “straight”. Because the Hebrews used concrete imagery to describe things the word righteousness was portrayed as being “straight”.
Being straight or righteous has to do with standing up before God and literally being in right standing with Him! It’s the idea that there is peace (shalom) between God and us as individuals.
We cannot be righteous on our own for the bible tells us
“All of us have become like one who is unclean, and all our righteous acts are like filthy rags; we all shrivel up like a leaf, and like the wind our sins sweep us away.” Isaiah 64:6
We on our own can not be in right standing with God so we need God in the person of Jesus Christ to exchange our filthy rags of self-righteousness for his gleaming robes of righteousness. And this is only done when we bow our knee in belief and submission to Jesus as our LORD and Savior.
JEHOVAH SHAMMAH (yeh-ho-vah’ shawm’-maw) THE LORD IS THERE
Jehovah Shammah only appears once in the Old Testament in Ezekiel 48:35. Shammah is derived from the word “sham” to be there. It is a name of great hope.
Jehovah Shammah is the name given to the new Jerusalem, brilliant and glorified and restored. It’s when God will return to His temple to dwell among all His people for ever more. It’s a name that brings the hope of being with the LORD in all eternity because God is there.
Just as we cry Maranatha, come quickly LORD Jesus, we also look for Jehovah Shammah!
Here is the list of God’s names that you will find in the NAMES OF GOD series. I hope you will use them as a reference, learn them and cry out to the Lord using these meaningful names.
ELOHIM- GOD, CREATOR, JUDGE
EL ELYON- THE MOST HIGH GOD
EL ROI- THE OMNIPRESENT GOD
EL SHADDAI- THE ALMIGHTY GOD, THE SELF-SUFFICIENT ONE
YAHWEH- LORD- JEHOVAH, THE SELF-EXISTENT ONE, GOD’S MEMORIAL NAME TO ISRAEL
JEHOVAH RAPHA- THE LORD WHO HEALS
JEHOVAH NISSI- GOD IS MY BANNER
JEHOVAH MEKODDISHKEM- THE LORD WHO SANCTIFIES, THE LORD WHO MAKES HOLY
JEHOVAH SHALOM- THE LORD IS PEACE
JEHOVAH SABAOTH- THE LORD OF HOSTS
JEHOVAH RAAH- THE LORD MY SHEPHERD
JEHOVAH TSIDKENU- THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS
JEHOVAH SHAMMAH- THE LORD IS HERE
Memorization for this week… Learn the NAMES OF GOD in part III.